Emergency. In the emergency, Muslims may disregard aspects of Sharīah laws in order to save their faith, life, property, intellect and posterity.
A contract where a person underwrites claims or obligations that should be fulfilled by a debtor, supplier or contractor. In the event that the debtor, supplier or contractor fails to fulfil his obligations, the guarantor is responsible to fulfil such obligations. Majority of fuqahā’ view that the dhamānah is similar with kafālah.